p-PH091133: Women in Kalinga use traditional wooden mortar and pestles to grind coffee beans for sale. As well as homes, the Red Cross provided livelihood grants for families to start or improve small businesses and earn household income.  Photo: Cheryl Ravelo, freelance/IFRC

The Regional Perspective

Gender and diversity sensitive humanitarian action is crucial for impact, accountability and effectiveness within the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. In practice, it means transparently identifying and meeting the needs of the most vulnerable in our communities (whether men, women, girls, boys, persons with disabilities and no matter a person’s age, socio-economic status, gender identity or sexual orientation); and consistently ensuring that our work is underpinned by human dignity, equitable access to services, community participation and beneficiary safety (including from Sexual and Gender-based Violence).

Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a life-threatening, global health and human rights issue. In December 2015, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement adopted the joint Resolution on Sexual and Gender Based Violence: Joint Action on Prevention and Response. The Resolution outlines specific responsibilities for States, National Societies, IFRC and the ICRC in prevention and response to SGBV. One of the key elements of the resolution is to strengthen the capacity of Red Cross and Red Crescent staff and volunteers to prevent, mitigate and respond to SGBV in emergencies. Subsequently, the IFRC has developed a global training module on SGBV that will be rolled-out in the Asia-Pacific region during 2017. Before the training in Southeast Asia, this training has been pilot tested with the South Asia network in May 2017 and with the Pacific network in July 2017 and feedback incorporated to enhance the training modules. This training builds on important ongoing work in Southeast Asia on this issue, including the IFRC Sexual and Gender Based Violence research in disasters, in collaboration with ASEAN. This research is being conducted in the Philippines, Indonesia and Laos PDR in 2017 and continues the work undertaken through the “Unseen Unheard” case study in Myanmar, Samoa and Bangladesh.

Guiding Documents

IFRC Strategic Framework on gender and diversity issues
The Responsibility To Prevent and Respond to Sexual and Gender-based Violence in Disasters and Crises
This document provides direction to National Societies and the Federation to support the aims and enabling actions of the IFRC Strategy 2020 in relation to self-directed and interpersonal violence, including urban violence.
IC Resolution on Sexual and Gender Based Violence
The Minimum Standard  Commitments for each sector are based around a framework of: dignity; access; participation; safety; and internal protection systems. The checklist provides specific indicators which an organisation can use to rate its progress (achieved, partially achieved, not achieved and not applicable), justify its score and propose next steps.  This checklist provides a quick tool for assessing compliance with the Minimum Standard Commitments in Emergency Programming for Red Cross / Red Crescent staff and volunteers in: emergency health; food security; water, sanitation and hygiene; emergency shelter; livelihoods; non-food items and disaster risk reduction.  It serves as a tool for organisations to mark progress and identify their next steps.
The study is designed to foster the recognition that gender-based violence (GBV) is a major feature of many conflicts and understanding its occurrence during disasters.

The research addresses three questions: 1. What characterizes GBV in disasters? 2. In what ways should legal and policy frameworks, including disaster risk management, be adapted to address GBV in disasters? 3. How should National Societies and other local actors address GBV in disasters, and what support do they need to fulfil their roles?

Sexual and gender based violence related online courses available on IFRC Learning Platform (log in and password are required) are:

  • Gender Equality in Programme Planning: Different needs equal opportunities

  • Managing Gender Based Violence Programmes in Emergencies

E-mail: Runjini Raman, Protection, Gender and Inclusion Officer at runjini.raman@ifrc.org

Related videos

More Resources

Sexual and Gender-based Violence: A Two-day Psychosocial Training
Ten steps to creating safe environments: How organisations and communities can prevent, mitigate and respond to interpersonal violence
CRC IFRC Predictable Preventable
This guide provides standards and directions on how to carry out rapid needs assessment for Psychosocial Support (PSS) and Violence Prevention (VP) initiatives including child protection and sexual and gender-based violence.

In particular, this rapid assessment tool is designed to help gather data in an efficient and effective way to help inform integration of PSS and VP issues, as minimum standards, into the broader disaster management action plans in response to an emergency.
Preventing Violence against Women and Girls through Male Engagement: Exploring a National Evaluation Framework
Guidelines for Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action: Reducing risk, promoting resilience and aiding recovery
This document summarises the recommendations and discussions from a workshop hosted by the Department for International Development (DFID) on 9 June 2014. The purpose of the workshop was to build consensus on what did and didn’t work to help prevent and respond to violence against women and girls in the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan hit in November 2013.
This document provides an overview of gender-based violence (GBV) in Myanmar. It looks at progress in GBV programming and coordination and provides recommendations for action against GBV.
Myanmar Gender-based Violence (GBV). Frequently Asked Questions
Programme Checklist_Thinking about the risk of sexual abuse and exploitation
Audio visual: Ten steps to creating safe environments for children and youth
Guidelines for Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings: Focusing on Prevention of and Response to Sexual Violence in Emergencies
Responding to Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies - Guidance Note
School-Related Gender-Based Violence is Preventing the Achievement of Quality Education for All
This document offers a brief practical guide to the characteristics and functions that an ideal women’s and girls’ centre in a humanitarian context could have in order to adequately respond to the needs of women and girls.

The information included in these guidelines is derived primarily from UNFPA’s work with women and girls in Rakhine and Kachin states. The foundational approach contained in the guidance can however be applied, and adapted, to a variety of contexts.
Audio Visual: Let's Talk about it - Gender Based Violence in Dzaleka Refugee Camp, Malawi
Audio Visual: Sexual Gender Based Violence (SGBV) in Haiti
Building Capacity for Disability Inclusion in Gender-Based Violence Programming in Humanitarian Settings - A Toolkit for GBV Practitioners
Building Capacity for Disability Inclusion in Gender-Based Violence Programming in Humanitarian Settings
Toolkit on Eliminating Violence against Women and Girls with Disabilities In Fiji