Vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) is a process of participatory investigation designed to assess and address major risks affecting communities. It aims to determine people’s vulnerability to those risks, and their capacity to cope and recover from a disaster.

VCA makes it possible for National Societies to work with vulnerable communities to:

  • Help them understand the hazards they face;
  • Assist them in taking the necessary measures to improve the situation, based on their own skills, knowledge and initiatives.

Guiding documents

Guiding documents from National Societies

There are no upcoming events.

e-mail: Disaster Risk Management Delegate, Hung Ha Nguyen, at

IFRC VCA publications are structured as below:


Each document serves a specific purpose:

  1. What is VCA? – The first publication is an introduction to VCA aimed at National Society and Federation delegation staff, donors and partners.
  2. How to do a VCA – The second publication is a step-by-step guide to undertaking a VCA for National Society staff and volunteers.
  3. VCA toolbox – The third publication is a description of research methods and instruction in how to use a variety of information-gathering techniques.
  4. VCA training guide – The fourth publication is a hands-on, learning-by-doing training manual.


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