Communicable diseases kill more than 14 million people around the world every year. Those diseases include respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhoeal diseases, tuberculosis, malaria and measles. An increase in the number and severity of natural disasters has exacerbated this problem.

Epidemics are a constant threat to the well-being of communities everywhere, especially in societies where resources are scarce. Managing epidemics, or preferably preventing them, is a priority for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. Populations frequently experience epidemics when they are affected by emergencies.

A large part of the Movement’s response to health needs in emergencies and epidemics relies on the Red Cross and Red Crescent volunteers in their communities.

e-mail: Mr. Pornsak Khortwong (PK), at

Guiding Documents

Resources on Diseases Prevention


1.  BCG 2004 2.  BCG 2007 3. Cholera 2010 4. Diptheria 2006 5. Haemophilus Influenza Type B, 2006
6. Hepatitis A, 2012  7. Hepatitis B, 2009  8. Human Papillovirus (HPV) 9. Influenza, 2005 10. Japanese Encephalitis
11. Measles 2009 12. Meningococcal  13. Mumps 14. Pertussis 15. Pneumococcal
16. Polio, 2010 17. Rotavirus 2009 18. Rubella 19. Tetanus 20. Typhoid
Relevant Documentation
 1.   Framework for increasing and sustaining immunization coverage (Regional Committee Document: Sixty-Fourth Session, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. September 2011)
 2.   Protecting people from Vaccine Preventable Diseases | Immunization and Vaccine Development South-East Asia Region (Strategic Plan, 2010-2013)
 3.    Report of the South-East Asia Regional Vaccine Prioritization Workshop. Bangkok, Thailand, 11-13 May 2009
 4.    Delhi Call for Action for Intensification of Routine Immunization – 2012: year of Intensification of Routine Immunization
 5.    Report of the Meeting of EPI Managers of South-East Asia Region, New Delhi, India, August 2011
 6.   Third Meeting of the South-East Asia Regional Immunization Technical Advisory Group (SEAR ITAG), March 2012
 7.   Resolution of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia: 2012 Year of Intensification of Routing Immunization in the South-East
  Asia Region: Framework for increasing and sustaining coverage
 8.   World Health Organization Sixty-Fifth World Health Assembly – Draft Global Vaccine Action Plan — A65/22 | 2012
 9.   Report of Regional Workshop on Influenza Vaccines, WHO, Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi, April 2012
 10.   2012: Year of Intensification for Routine Immunization in the South-East Asia Region

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