Handbook for a School-based Risk Reduction Initiative

Handbook for a School-based Risk Reduction Initiative

Purpose

This handbook presents basic content and tips for implementing a school-based risk reduction programme. It is organised into five modules: its importance; approach and process; activities to benefit children up to five years old; activities for students aged 5–17; and activities for young people and volunteers aged 17–24.

These modules are based on good practice from around the world, although they build on the Comprehensive School Safety model for South-East Asia.

Overview

  • A generic framework for school-based risk reduction initiatives is illustrated in a diagram on p.10. The Comprehensive School Safety framework suggests a series of continuing activities that include: identifying the hazards in and around a school; conducting drills; preparing contingency and disaster management plans by involving parents, teachers and students; and building on the capacities of an institution and individuals to cope with the challenges during an unforeseen event. It also consists of three pillars: safe learning facilities; school disaster management; and risk reduction and resilience education.
  • The Red Cross/ Red Crescent school-based risk reduction model can be found on p. 21. It provides differential strategies to impact children and youth (up to age 24 years).

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: Technical staff; Volunteers

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Author: IFRC
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Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 1
Country: Regional
Resource type: Guidelines

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Integrating Climate Change and Urban Risks into the VCA – Ensure effective participatory analysis and enhanced community action (2014)

Integrating Climate Change and Urban Risks into the VCA – Ensure effective participatory analysis and enhanced community action (2014)

Purpose

The guidelines in this document have been developed to specifically address two key recommendations that have emerged from the vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA) review. They are to provide further guidance to national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies on how to: i) integrate information on the additional risks and vulnerabilities linked to climate change into the existing VCA process and tools; ii) ensure that relevant information is included on what needs to be done differently when conducting a VCA in an urban context, and on using the existing VCA tools.

Overview

  • Climate change issues need to be reinforced in the VCA to ensure that additional risks (present and future) caused by a changing climate will be included in long-term risk and vulnerability-reduction strategies. A box on how to address some of the impacts of climate change in VCA can be found on pp. 34-37.
  • On p. 43 a figure illustrates the 12 steps involved in VCA. While climate change needs to be considered throughout, it uses arrows to show the steps whereby the VCA team will need to think about, or do, things slightly differently to ensure that the added risks brought by climate change are properly addressed.
  • VCA can be applied in urban areas. This requires adapting the tools but not changing the VCA methodology. When carrying out VCA in urban areas, fundamental social and physical differences between rural and urban locations need to be taken into account.
  • On p. 60 a figure illustrates the 12 steps involved in VCA and uses arrows to illustrate key points when additional attention to the urban context will need to be given by the National Society and the VCA team

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: National Society leadership, Technical staff

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Author: IFRC
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Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 1.63
Country: Global, Regional
Resource type: Guidelines

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Minimum Standards for Local Climate‐Smart Disaster Risk Reduction

Minimum Standards for Local Climate‐Smart Disaster Risk Reduction

Purpose

This document developed as a practical checklist to help local community leaders and disaster risk reduction (DRR) practitioners ensure their risk reduction efforts are climate‐smart and contribute to climate change adaptation. The minimum standards are presented in two tables. Each minimum standard is supported by practical ‘actions’ to guide implementation.

Overview

  • Table 1 outlines minimum standards for implementation of climate‐smart DRR activities at community level.
  • Table 2 outlines minimum standards for national and provincial civil society organisations (CSOs) – or relevant local government authorities – to support communities which implement climate‐smart DRR activities.

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: Technical staff

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Country: Global, Regional

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Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA): Manual for Viet Nam Red Cross Practitioners

Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA): Manual for Viet Nam Red Cross Practitioners

Purpose

This guide aims to provide a comprehensive guide, for disaster risk reduction in general and particularly for those facilitating vulnerability and capacity assessments (VCA) in the community.

Overview

The manual is divided into three sections:

  • The first section: ‘What is VCA’ provides conceptual information and key components, and outlines the main components that guide the Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) facilitator while undertaking the VCA process.
  • The second section: ‘Principles of conducting a VCA’ highlights important links of the VCA tool between development and disaster management. In addition, this section emphasises different approaches of conducting VCAs.
  • The last section: ‘Practical Guide for conducting a VCA’ provides accessible and practical information on different VCA tools and ways to conduct VCAs with the active participation of vulnerable groups. It also provides information on the process of facilitating a VCA in the field. This section serves as the ‘how to’ guide for the facilitators, based on the information provided in the previous two sections.

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Themes: Disaster preparedness; Risk assessment; Risk reduction / management; Community-based or community participation; Community capacity assessment; Project/programme planning

Audiences: Technical staff

For English version part 2, click here Part 2, size 0.87 MB

For Vietnamese version, click here Tiếng Việt  Part 1, size 0.79 MB and Part 2 size 0.95 MB.

Citation: Vietnam Red Cross (2010). Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA). Manual for Vietnam Red Cross Practitioners Part I & II (pp. 1-48).

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Standard Operating Protocol of National Disaster Response Team (NDRT)

Standard Operating Protocol of National Disaster Response Team (NDRT)

Purpose

This document looks at the rationale for the establishment of a National Disaster Response Team (NDRT), its organisational structure, the responsibilities of the NDRT and relevant agencies, and the necessary conditions for successful NDRT operation.

Overview

  • The NDRT was established by the Vietnam Red Cross (VNRC) under the direction of the VNRC Standing Committee and in cooperation with other technical departments. The function of the NDRT is to provide advice to the VNRC Standing Committee about disaster response and to provide technical assistance to disaster affected provincial chapters.
  • Main responsibilities of the NDRT include: assessment of damages and needs; areas of intervention, identification of beneficiaries, and support in relief distribution; and monitoring and evaluation of implemented activities.
  • Specific responsibilities of the NDRT and relevant agencies such as the: VNRC Standing Committee and technical departments; NDRT Team Leader and Standing Deputy Team Leader; NDRT members; and provincial chapters can be found on pp. 8-10.
  • Necessary conditions for a successful NDRT operation include: equipment; security and safety; and management of NDRT performance.

Usage: Policy guidance; Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: National Society leadership; Technical staff

For Vietnamese version, click here Tiếng Việt, size 1 MB.

Citation: Vietnam Red Cross (January 2012). Standard Operating Protocol National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) (pp. 1-32).

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Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 0.64
Country: Vietnam
Resource type: Guidelines

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Gender in Development Programme: Learning and Information Pack

Gender in Development Programme: Learning and Information Pack

Purpose

This information pack comprises three sections:

Section 1 consists of four sets of slides. The slides set out key points for the reader, and accompanying commentaries expand on these points and provide links to materials available in Sections 2 and 3.

Section 2 includes reading materials, handouts and worksheets on issues raised in the slides.

Section 3 includes internet links and other resources on related issues. Full size slides, which can be used for presentations, are in the back of the manual.

Overview

The slides and resources cover:

  • the purpose of gender analysis;
  • the information and actions needed to link gender analysis with policy and planning;
  • key concepts and tools for social and gender analysis;
  • men and masculinity.

Usage: Guidance for project implementation, Training

Audiences: Technical staff; Gender and diversity practitioners

Reference: UNDP (January 2011). Gender in Development Programme: Learning and Information Pack. Pp.1-134. Available from: http://www.undp.org/content/dam/undp/library/gender/Institutional%20Development/TLGEN1.6%20UNDP%20GenderAnalysis%20toolkit.pdf [Accessed: 21st September 2016]

 

 

 

 

 

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Author: UNDP
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Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 0.68
Country: Regional
Resource type: Guidelines, Report, Research

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Gender and Diversity Requirements for Project Planning, Annex 3

Gender and Diversity Requirements for Project Planning, Annex 3

Purpose

This document outlines four criteria for assessing project/programme plans.  The criteria might not be applicable to projects that do not deal directly with populations affected by crisis or at risk.

Overview

The four criteria are:

  • Gender and diversity analysis and sex- and age-disaggregated data: how does the project take into consideration differences between girls, boys, women and men of different age groups in terms of their roles, responsibilities and control over resources, including their level of access to assistance; effects of the crisis or risk; capacities for coping with, responding to, recovering from and preparing for crises; and specific needs expectations and constraints?
  • Adapted assistance/services: what measures are taken to ensure that assistance and services provided by the project are accessible, affordable, acceptable and appropriate to gender and diversity concerns?
  • Negative effects: are potential negative effects of the project/programme on sex/age and diverse groups identified and prevented or mitigated?
  • Adequate participation of vulnerable and at-risk groups: how are sex/age and diverse groups consulted, informed and integrated in the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the project?

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: Technical staff; Gender and diversity practitioners

Reference: Norwegian Red Cross (20 January 2015). Gender and Diversity Requirements for Project Planning, Annex 3. Pp.2-69.  Available from: https://www.rodekors.no/Global/HK%20-%20Hovedkontoret/Internasjonal/Dokumenter/Gender/Final%20report,%20NorCross%20Gender%20Plan%20of%20Action%202009-2014.pdf [Accessed: 18th July 2016].

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Gender in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion – Guidance Note

Gender in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion – Guidance Note

Purpose

This guidance note provides an overview of gender and diversity issues and practicalities to be considered when designing water, sanitation and hygiene promotion programmes.

The note contains case studies from Mozambique, Pakistan and Somalia.

Overview

Women, girls, boys, men, and vulnerable groups (older people, LGBTI, PLHIV and people living with disabilities) all need to be reached through water, sanitation and hygiene programmes. Each group’s needs, role and involvement must be identified to ensure that a culturally appropriate programme is designed and implemented.

In developing countries, women and girls often spend most of their time carrying out domestic chores and walking long distances to collect and transport water. Lack of access to water points and sanitation facilities has an impact on their health and access to education. Men and boys need water for irrigation, and tending to livestock. Their need for water is different from women and girls.

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: Gender and diversity practitioners; Technical staff

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Author: IFRC
Publication date:
Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 0.40
Country: Global
Resource type: Briefing paper, Guidelines

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Community Early Warning Systems (CEWS) – Training Toolkit Field Guide

Community Early Warning Systems (CEWS) – Training Toolkit Field Guide

Purpose

The Training Toolkit for Community Early Warning Systems is an operational manual that aims to strengthen early warning systems in a developing country context. It is targeted to National Societies and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) that are embarking on a journey either to strengthen existing CEWS efforts in a country or to create, from scratch, a community-driven EWS. Trainers are DRR/M programme, project and partner staff members who would be responsible to guide, support or evaluate EWS efforts in at-risk communities.

The toolkit is designed as a companion manual to the Community Early Warning Systems: Guiding Principles that was developed by IFRC. It therefore features the 13 principles found in it with practical examples and case studies, which will offer direction on how to apply them.

The toolkit contains the training materials needed to run the Training of Trainers (ToT)/Workshops, from start to finish, this can be found in Section 5.

Overview

The Toolkit is made up of: 1. this Field Guide; and 2. the online (or USB flash drive) directory of all the material required to conduct the three week-long training sessions. The Training Toolkit features these 13 principles with practical examples and case studies, which will offer direction on how to apply them.

Usage: Guidance for project implementation, Training

Audiences: Technical staff

For Guidelines in other languages, click here French, size 1 MB; Russian, size 5 MB; Arabic, size 15 MB; Spanish, size 10 MB

For General Preparation Tools, click here Curricula Database, Scientists and Data, Training Needs Assessment, Evaluation of Trainers, Workshop Evaluation, Report Template, Planning Checklist, Printing Checklist, Certificate Template, Data Inventory

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Author: IFRC
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Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 1.05
Country: Global, Regional
Resource type: Toolkit, Training materials

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How to do a VCA: A Practical Step-by-Step guide for Red Cross Red Crescent Staff and Volunteers

How to do a VCA: A Practical Step-by-Step guide for Red Cross Red Crescent Staff and Volunteers

Purpose

The guidelines in this document aim to support National Societies in conducting Vulnerability and Capacity Assessments (VCA) and adapting the VCA process to their own countries. It provides a suggested path for conducting a VCA day-by-day in the field, and its expected outcomes.

Overview

The 12-step guide to effective VCA includes:

  • Level 1 – National Society support: understanding why VCA is being proposed; 2. sensitising National Society leadership, branches, and partners; 3. setting up a management structure for conducting VCA; 4. setting VCA objectives (such as where the assessments will take place).
  • Level 2 – from assessment to planning: planning the VCA (who will do what, how and when); 6. preparation; 7. using investigative tools within the community; 8. systematising, analysing and interpreting the data; 9. returning information to the community and deciding priorities and actions for transformation.
  • Level 3 – from planning to action: turning vulnerabilities into capacities through practical action; 11. recommendations and report-writing for local authorities, donors and partners; 12. community intervention/actions for reducing identified risks where applicable.

Usage: Guidance for project implementation

Audiences: Technical staff; Volunteers

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Author: IFRC
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Status: Final Type: PDF Size (MB): Size: 3.28
Country: Global, Regional
Resource type: Guidelines

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