On, 19 October 2016, Cruz Vermelha de Timor-Leste (CVTL) conducted cash for food distribution for 2,700 families in Timor-Leste, who have been affected by drought caused by El Nino. A rapid assessment conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) estimates that at least 120,000 people have been severely affected across five districts (Baucau, Covalima, Lautem, Oecusse and Viqueque), with 45.9 per cent of households across the country likely to experience food insecurity from April to June. Each family received around USD 50 to help them provide basic needs (food and water). The Drought Operation in Timor-Leste will cover 27,500 people (5,500 families) affected by drought, attributed to El Niño, in the districts of Baucau, Lautem and Viqueque with appropriate assistance in a timely, effective, and efficient manner, and support them to recover from the impact of the drought and increase their resilience to future shocks.
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Center reported that 33 people died, 31 injured and 22 missing while 6,019 people are displaced. Head of PMI West Java Chapter, Erlan Suherlan, said about 1,000 people were evacuated to military district command and several other locations.
The National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) has recorded that 858 houses were destroyed, 207 damage, while the rest 1,446 has a minor damage.
Following the disaster, emergency aid in the form of blankets, tarpaulins, hygiene kits, diapers, food, flashlights, body bags, and water tank trucks are provided to communities affected by the disaster. PMI also mobilized emergency response teams (SATGANA) to carry out evacuations, establishing coordination with stakeholders and carry out rapid assessment. Up to date, PMI has distributed 51,500 liters of clean water, 550 blankets, 300 tarpaulins, 250 carpets, 520 hygiene kits, 60 body bags, 40 sarongs, 16 baby kits, and builded 10 temporary latrines for those who got affected by the disaster.
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Purpose and overview:
The document offers an overview of RDRT as of July 2012, and direction of travel as well as way forward (standardization of roster categories).
The following are the expected roles from National Societies and IFRC:
The document serves as a background paper on the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF), what it is and what it is for, as well as comparing DREF and the global humanitarian system, and an overview of the funding per type of disaster from 2002 – 2011.
The document includes case studies:
Usage: Guide for implementation
Audience: IFRC and National Societies staff
The Sphere Handbook is a voluntary code and a self-regulatory tool for quality and accountability, and the Sphere Project does not operate any compliance mechanism.
The Handbook does not offer practical guidance on how to provide certain services (the key actions suggest activities to reach a standard without specifying how to do that). Rather, it explains what needs to be in place in order to ensure a life with dignity for the affected population.
The Sphere Project or ‘Sphere’, initiated in 1997 by a group of humanitarian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, with the aim was to improve the quality of their actions during disaster response and to be held accountable for them.
Sphere is based on two core beliefs:
Striving to support these two core beliefs, the Sphere Project framed a Humanitarian Charter and identified a set of minimum standards in key lifesaving sectors which are now reflected in the Handbook’s four technical chapters: water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion; food security and nutrition; shelter, settlement and non-food items; and health action.
The Core Standards are process standards and apply to all technical chapters.
How to use the standards:
See also: http://www.spherehandbook.org/
This Code of Conduct seeks to guard our standards of behaviour. It is not about operational details, such as how one should calculate food rations or set up a refugee camp. Rather, it seeks to maintain the high standards of independence, effectiveness and impact to which disaster response NGOs and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement aspires. It is a voluntary code, enforced by the will of organization accepting it to maintain the standards laid down in the Code.
In the event of armed conflict, the present Code of Conduct will be interpreted and applied in conformity with international humanitarian law.
The Code of Conduct forms Annex VI to the resolutions of the 26th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, Geneva, 1995, and was prepared jointly by the IFRC and ICRC.
The Code’s ten principles highlight, among other things, the right of disaster-affected populations to receive humanitarian assistance without discrimination and the crucial role played by women in disaster-prone communities. Emphasis is also placed on protecting and preserving the dignity of beneficiaries.
The Code has three annexes containing recommendations for governments of disaster-affected countries, donor governments and intergovernmental organizations. The general thrust of these recommendations is the need to ensure rapid access to disaster victims, timely delivery of appropriate assistance and respect for the independence and impartiality of humanitarian organizations.
Usage: Behavior guidelines
Audience: National Society staff and volunteers
See also: Principles and Rules for Red Cross and Red Crescent Humanitarian Assistance [pdf, 0.2 MB]
ASEAN Member States signed the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) on 26 July 2005 in Vientiane, Lao PDR. The Agreement seeks to provide effective mechanisms to achieve substantial reduction of disaster losses in the social, economic, and environmental assets of the Parties, and to jointly respond to disaster emergencies through concerted national efforts and intensified regional and international cooperation.
To ensure preparedness for effective response, AADMER requires for the establishment of the ASEAN Standby Arrangements for Disaster Relief and Emergency Response where Parties, on a voluntary basis, shall identify and earmark assets and capacities which may be made available and mobilised for disaster relief and emergency response.
AADMER also requires the preparation of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) that shall guide the actions of Parties and the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) in implementing:
This SOP provides:
Usage: Guidance for disaster response