Community-Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA): Mosquito Borne Diseases and Vector Control and Epidemic Control for Volunteers | 14-16 December 2016 | Lao PDR

The Ministry of Public Health reported in 2015 that there was high coverage of malaria and dengue fever outbreak in Lao PDR, in particular in the southern provinces of Lao PDR, among these, Champasak Province had the highest situation. In order to prevent the incidence of these diseases outbreak, Lao Red Cross has organized a training to build capacity for Lao Red Cross staff at district and provincial levels in epidemic control for them to transfer these knowledge and skills to communities in the areas under their responsibility.

This is the first roll out of CBHFA Mosquito-Borne Diseases and Vector Control and Epidemic Control for Volunteers in Lao PDR to provide and increase the capacity building of Red Cross health personnel working in four provinces located in the deep south of Lao PDR i.e. Sekong, Saravane, Attapeu and Champasak provinces. These four provinces are the risk-prone areas of dengue and malaria epidemics.

In the four key topics of ECV there were group-work discussion, “Zap that mosquito” game and role plays, health-education practices and community mappings using a community tool focusing on three diseases – Dengue and Zika, Diarrhea and Polio, which were highlighted and demonstrated to the participants. The results of True/False/Not Sure pre-test and post-test showed that the participants’ knowledge was significantly improved from 73% to 96% respectively.

There were 15 health personnel from the health divisions of four Red Cross provincial branches actively participating in this first roll-out training course. There were ten female and five male representatives from the four provinces. The theory and practical sessions were employed with ECV manual, epidemic’s response cycle, principle of epidemiology, community tools, action tools, and disease tools, in Lao language.

For the next step, Lao Red Cross is planning to organize the ECV training for community volunteers in Muang Pathoumphone District, Champasak Province, during 19-21 December 2016. There will be 20 community volunteers and 10 teachers participating in the ECV training in the district level. This initiative scale-up will be useful for the villagers and communities in preparing for community health preparedness and response to the epidemics and the outbreaks beforehand.

Especially, the community volunteers will be familiarized and conceptualized themselves with the ECV manual and disease tools, action tools, and community tools before the epidemics occur in their communities.

Copies of the Denue, Zika, and Chikungunya Toolkit can be downloaded from here:

Download:

Epidemic Control for Volunteers (ECV): A Training Manual, 2008 – Epidemic Control for Volunteers (ECV)

The Epidemic Control for Volunteers training manual and accompanying toolkit are intended for at volunteers and their trainers in local branches of National Societies.Whilst not exhaustive, the training aims to familiarize volunteers with the most common epidemics and those that cause the most death and suffering. It encourages them to use evidence-based actions and approaches to prevent the spread of communicable diseases in their communities, provide appropriate care for the sick and reduce the number of deaths.

When an epidemic strikes, there are many ways that volunteers can help. This manual and toolkit are designed to help volunteers define their role in the community before, during and after an epidemic and to take the actions that are best suited to that particular epidemic. The knowledge and skills acquired will enable them to act quickly and effectively in the event of an epidemic. The training will also be useful to them in dealing with other emergencies.

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Download: https://www.rcrc-resilience-southeastasia.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Epidemic_Contro_for_Volunteers.pdf

Review of the Epidemic Control for Volunteers’ Toolkit – Rollout in Asia Pacific, 2011 – 2014

Purpose

This document provides a review of the Epidemic Control for Volunteers (ECV) Manual and Toolkit and its rollout in Asia Pacific. It includes case studies on the use of the toolkit in a number of countries in Asia Pacific.

Overview

  • The evaluation found the original English text to be clear and simple to understand, although there was some duplication between sections of sessions 2 and 3, especially in relation to the roles and expectations of volunteers. Graphics and drawings required contextualisation. National Societies were advised to adapt illustrations to their own settings.
  • The original ECV toolkit and manual covers 17 of the most common diseases occurring during epidemics. There are some diseases with epidemic potential that are not included in the toolkit. Some National Societies decided to include additional diseases after consultation with their national health authorities. The addition required a significantly higher degree of work compared with those disease pages that required translation and adaptation only. In some cases, the addition of new diseases to the tool delayed the whole production process.
  • The rollout of the toolkit was highly relevant and effective in meeting countries’ needs, epidemic priorities and in the contexts of the community programmes. The strategy of sensitising the leadership of National Societies and relevant national authorities as the first step has proven to be highly effective in beginning the rollout of ECV as this helped pave the way for mainstreaming it into National Societies’ health programmes or those of national authorities, as well as emergency contingency planning. The approach of mainstreaming and integration into existing health or disaster management programmes was also widely recognised as appropriate to ensure sustainability and optimal use of resources.
  • Recommendations from the evaluation include: keeping it simple; keeping it flexible; the need for National Societies to consider the toolkit as their tool, not an IFRC programme; keeping the training timeframe adaptable; considering additional options – online training, (and, for example, offline CDs); improving advocacy and the dissemination of the materials.

Usage: Learning from experience

Audiences: Technical staff

Citation: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2015). Review of the Epidemic Control for Volunteers’ Toolkit. Rollout in Asia Pacific, 2011 – 2014. (pp. 1-72).

See related document: Epidemic Control for Volunteers: A Training Manual

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Download: https://www.rcrc-resilience-southeastasia.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/IFRC-AP-Review-of-the-Epidemic-Control-for-Volunteers-Toolkit-Rollout.pdf

Epidemic Control for Volunteers: A Training Manual

Purpose

This toolkit is designed to guide actions in response to epidemics. It consists of three major components: disease tools, which describe the diseases that can cause epidemics; action tools which describe actions that need to be taken in epidemics; and community message tools which provide important information for the community.

Overview

Three steps have to be followed to use the toolkit:

  • Step 1: Find the card that matches the disease the local health authorities have said is causing the epidemic. Remember what causes the disease, how it is transmitted, what symptoms it causes, how it is prevented and controlled, and what volunteers can do to help.
  • Step 2: Find the appropriate action tool by matching its number with that of the disease tool. Identify the vulnerable members of the community, know the source and cause of the epidemic, and rely on these cards for specific actions to help people during the epidemic.
  • Step 3: Match the numbers on the front of the chosen action tool with those on the correct community message tool. The tools need to be read carefully to ensure understanding, and then should be shared with other members of the community so that, in any epidemic, everyone knows what to do, and what not to do.
  • A list of disease tools with corresponding actions can be found on pp. 78-79.

Usage: Training; Guidance for project implementation

Themes: Response / relief; Community-based or community participation; Health; Information, Public awareness and public education /Education and Communication; Institutional preparedness; Epidemic Control; Communicable disease; Project/programme planning

Audiences: Technical staff; Volunteers

Citation: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (2008). Epidemic Control for Volunteers: A Training Manual (pp. 1-109).

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Download: https://www.rcrc-resilience-southeastasia.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Epidemic-Control-for-Volunteers.pdf

Epidemic preparedness in Indonesia

Purpose

This document looks the roll-out of the Epidemic Control for Volunteer (ECV) toolkit and training manual, its implementation and analysis from the context of the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI).

Four provincial branches were chosen to initiate the project and field test the toolkit between November 2013 and February 2015: Banten, Daerah Khusus Ibukota (DKI) Jakarta, Jawa Barat and Papua. The branches were selected based on epidemic risks and their capacity and interest in supporting the introduction of the manual and toolkit.

Overview

  • Before implementation began in November 2013, Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) conducted sensitisation sessions with the leadership and key staff of different headquarter divisions. The goal of these sessions was to secure support and maximise the potential for integration of the tool in community programming. Sensitisation sessions were also held with key external stakeholders.
  • The Ministry of Health in Indonesia committed to cooperating with PMI on the adaptation of materials. An external consultant was hired to oversee the completion of the translation, graphic design and layout of the adapted material.
  • PMI started by conducting a three-day training course to create a group of ‘master trainers’ of staff and volunteers in the selected provinces. This group was then equipped to lead branch and community trainings, and facilitate the roll out of the toolkit in their communities.
  • Although the ECV project improved the National Society’s capacities, some challenges and constraints emerged (see p. 6 of the report).

Usage: Learning from experience

Audiences: Technical staff

Citation: Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI) (2015). Epidemic Preparedness in Indonesia: Adaptation and Roll-out of IFRC’s Epidemic Control for Volunteer (ECV) Toolkit and Training Manual (pp.1-6).

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Download: https://www.rcrc-resilience-southeastasia.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/ECV-Case-Study-Indonesia.pdf